PowerCLI: Find BIOS-Enabled VMs

A script to detect BIOS-enabled virtual machines in VMware vCenter.


This script is an idea that spun off of my previous post, PowerCLI: Find UEFI-Enabled VMs. If you’re preparing to enable Secure Boot in a VMware environment, it may be helpful to identify the VMs that cannot be upgraded. As you might recall, enabling secure boot requires the following:

PowerCLI: Find UEFI-Enabled VMs

A script to detect UEFI-enabled virtual machines in VMware vCenter.

With all the news regarding the Spectre and Meltdown CPU vulnerabilities over the past several months, there’s been a greater focus to get VMware virtual machines to virtual hardware version 9 or higher, as noted by Andrea Mauro’s post regarding these vulnerabilities. In addition to that, several companies and organizations may be looking to enable Secure Boot, a feature first introduced with vSphere 6.5. However, in order to enable secure boot, the virtual machine needs to be configured with both EFI boot firmware AND be on virtual hardware version 13 or higher. Continue reading “PowerCLI: Find UEFI-Enabled VMs”

My Upcoming VMUG Presentation

Hello everyone! I want to take this opportunity to let you all know that I’ll actually be presenting at the Western PA VMware User Group meeting on Friday, October 20th! We’re going to meet at Alloy 26 (100 South Commons in Pittsburgh’s North Shore) starting at 11:00 AM. Official registration and full meeting information can be found on the official VMUG page. If you’re a VMware user working or living in the Western Pennsylvania region or surrounding areas, c’mon out and use this opportunity to collaborate and network with other users I’m the VMware community! After all, events like this are put together specifically to get VMware users, administrators, engineers, etc. together to talk about their experience in using VMware products and services.

I will actually be presenting after Kyle Ruddy’s (@kruddy on Twitter) “PowerCLI and vSphere REST APIs: Your Path To Automating All the Things” session. My presentation will cover automation using PowerCLI to manage things like RDM disks, virtual standard switches, NTP settings, and more. You’ll learn how I develop the scripts to simplify repetitive tasks, but also how I use PowerCLI to perform tasks that you may not even be able to do in the GUI! Not only can scripting save time, it can also maintain consistency across within your environment! My goal is to show give you some examples and insight into how you can utilize both PowerShell and PowerCLI to augment the management of your vSphere environment. Continue reading “My Upcoming VMUG Presentation”

PowerCLI: Add/Remove NTP Servers in a VMware Cluster

I recently built out a new VMware cluster, and in doing so, needed to configure the NTP servers for each host. While this can certainly be done manually, it’s very repetitive and opens up the possibility of missing or misconfigured setting. Fortunately, there’s a way to automate that using PowerCLI!

Now, the way I wrote this script makes it a bit more interactive for the person running it. Typically, you could just define the NTP servers you want to remove, the ones to want to add, and let it run. With this script, it asks the user several questions along the way. Questions like, “What vCenter do you want to connect to?”, “What cluster do you want to scan?”, “Do you want to remove all existing NTP servers? [Y] / [N]”, and so on. There’s also validation included on the responses to the Y/N questions. And at the very end of the script, it checks the NTP services on each host in the cluster. If the NTP service is already running, it will restart the service. If it’s not running, it will start the service. All automatically. Continue reading “PowerCLI: Add/Remove NTP Servers in a VMware Cluster”

PowerCLI: Create New VM Port Groups in a Cluster

Hello again, everyone! Recently, I’ve been working on a script that will create new VM Port Groups on a virtual standard switch (vSS) in a given cluster. While this could probably be alleviated by using a virtual distributed switch (vDS), let’s assume that you have a need to stick with vSS for whatever reason (licensing, company standards, etc.).

In this script, it validates that the VLAN number is in fact a whole number within the range of 1 through 4905. At the end of the script, it asks if you’d like to add another port group to the same cluster or not. I found this to be very handy if you’re standing up a new cluster that only contained vSS, or simply adding more port groups to an existing cluster. Continue reading “PowerCLI: Create New VM Port Groups in a Cluster”

PowerCLI: Find a VM Based on RDM’s LUN ID

Let’s say you have a LUN ID that you clearly know is a RDM. How do you determine what virtual machine is associated with that disk?

Recently, I was prepping a cluster for routine ESXi patching. As part of my preparation, I scanned the cluster for RDM disks first to ensure that they were set to Perennially Reserved = True. After doing the RDM scan, I found a cluster that had a single RDM disk, but didn’t know which VM it was associated with. Although VMware has a Knowledge Base article (KB2001823) on how to do find RDM’s and which VM’s they’re associated with, it looks like it will find all RDM’s and VM’s across the entire vCenter Server. Since I know the cluster, and I know the RDM LUN ID, I wanted to narrow down the results for my particular needs.
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Find a VM Based on RDM’s LUN ID”