Hello again, everyone! For my fifth post for this year’s #BlogtoberTech challenge, I decided to share a script I recently wrote that seeks out virtual machines in a vSphere environment based on a specific virtual hardware version. This sort of ties in with the BIOS and UEFI scripts I wrote earlier in the year to seek out VMs that may still be open to the Spectre/Meltdown vulnerabilities (virtual hardware version 8 or older). Or perhaps someone wants to seek out VMs that may be good candidates to enable Secure Boot (virtual hardware 13 or newer with EFI boot firmware configured).
In the initial version of this script, I ask the user to pick the vCenter to connect to, the datacenter object to scan, and then the virtual hardware version to seek out. If VMs of virtual hardware n are found, the user has the option of exporting the results to a CSV file. Otherwise, a dialog box will appear (via Out-GridView) that shows the results of the can. If, however, no VMs with a specified virtual hardware version are found, it will simply let the user know that “No VMs with virtual hardware n were found.”
As usual, the latest version of this script can be found over on my GitHub page, but here’s the script as it was written at the time of this post:
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Find VMs Based on Virtual Hardware Version”
Hey everyone! I wanted to spread the word about my upcoming presentation at the Central PA VMUG on Thursday, November 1st in State College! Last year, I spoke at the Pittsburgh VMUG on the topic of PowerCLI and my journey into scripting. This year, I plan on revisiting that presentation with several new updates and maybe even do live demo (assuming I can get my home lab completely set up and configured in time)! Plus, I’m looking forward to catching up with the Central PA VMUG crew as well as meeting many others in the #vCommunity!
For those who may not know, October 2017 was my first time ever presenting at a local VMUG meeting. In fact, I wasn’t really engaged in the VMware Community all that much until about April 2017, when I started my blog and began using Twitter a lot more. Sure, I’ve been using VMware’s products and services since about 2010, but the only real ‘engagement’ I’ve done in the community was attend the occasional VMUG or UserCon.
Continue reading “My Upcoming Central PA VMUG Presentation”
This script is an idea that spun off of my previous post, PowerCLI: Find UEFI-Enabled VMs. If you’re preparing to enable Secure Boot in a VMware environment, it may be helpful to identify the VMs that cannot be upgraded. As you might recall, enabling secure boot requires the following:
- VMware vSphere 6.5 or higher
- Virtual hardware version 13 or higher
- VMs need to be configured with EFI boot firmware
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Find BIOS-Enabled VMs”
With all the news regarding the Spectre and Meltdown CPU vulnerabilities over the past several months, there’s been a greater focus to get VMware virtual machines to virtual hardware version 9 or higher, as noted by Andrea Mauro’s post regarding these vulnerabilities. In addition to that, several companies and organizations may be looking to enable Secure Boot, a feature first introduced with vSphere 6.5. However, in order to enable secure boot, the virtual machine needs to be configured with both EFI boot firmware AND be on virtual hardware version 13 or higher.
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Find UEFI-Enabled VMs”
A quick follow-up to my experience presenting at the recent Western PA VMUG.
Hello again, everyone! First of all, I just want to take this opportunity to extend a HUGE “Thank You” to everyone who was able to come out and attend the recent Western PA VMUG! The day was packed full of information, as we got to hear a lot of great presentations about running VMware on AWS, AppDefense, vSphere APIs, and what’s new with PowerCLI. What I like most about these kinds of events is the ability to share, learn, network, meet new users, and catch up with those whom I already know.
As several folks already know, this was my very first time presenting at a VMware User Group meeting. Sure, I was a little nervous at first, but once I got up to present, things just seemed to flow. For me, it was reassuring to know that many in the audience were VMware customers who may have been in my shoes at one time, or perhaps still are. You never know. Although my presentation was mostly focused on some recent PowerCLI scripts I had developed to automate and simplify repetitive tasks, I also talked about my personal journey from avoiding scripting to actually doing it. And in my presentation, rather than just showing lines of code on a screen and explaining what the script does, I highlighted the workflow and thought process behind why I scripted it the way I did. Continue reading “Western PA VMUG Follow-Up”
So, as you can probably tell from my past couple of posts, I’ve been spending a bit of time working with PowerCLI to script and automate several tasks for managing VMware environments. My most recent script combines four tasks I seem to do often when performing cluster-wide maintenance; Enabling and Disabling both SSH and Lockdown Mode. This was actually one of the scripts I discussed at the recent Western PA VMUG meeting held on October 20, 2017.
In this script, like many of my other scripts, it asks the user to enter the vCenter server to connect to, as well as the cluster to work with. Then, the user is presented with five options:
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Enable/Disable SSH and Lockdown Mode”
- Enable SSH
- Disable Lockdown Mode
- Disable SSH
- Enable Lockdown Mode
Hello everyone! I want to take this opportunity to let you all know that I’ll actually be presenting at the Western PA VMware User Group meeting on Friday, October 20th! We’re going to meet at Alloy 26 (100 South Commons in Pittsburgh’s North Shore) starting at 11:00 AM. Official registration and full meeting information can be found on the official VMUG page. If you’re a VMware user working or living in the Western Pennsylvania region or surrounding areas, c’mon out and use this opportunity to collaborate and network with other users I’m the VMware community! After all, events like this are put together specifically to get VMware users, administrators, engineers, etc. together to talk about their experience in using VMware products and services.
I will actually be presenting after Kyle Ruddy’s (@kruddy on Twitter) “PowerCLI and vSphere REST APIs: Your Path To Automating All the Things” session. My presentation will cover automation using PowerCLI to manage things like RDM disks, virtual standard switches, NTP settings, and more. You’ll learn how I develop the scripts to simplify repetitive tasks, but also how I use PowerCLI to perform tasks that you may not even be able to do in the GUI! Not only can scripting save time, it can also maintain consistency across within your environment! My goal is to show give you some examples and insight into how you can utilize both PowerShell and PowerCLI to augment the management of your vSphere environment. Continue reading “My Upcoming VMUG Presentation”
I recently built out a new VMware cluster, and in doing so, needed to configure the NTP servers for each host. While this can certainly be done manually, it’s very repetitive and opens up the possibility of missing or misconfigured setting. Fortunately, there’s a way to automate that using PowerCLI!
Now, the way I wrote this script makes it a bit more interactive for the person running it. Typically, you could just define the NTP servers you want to remove, the ones to want to add, and let it run. With this script, it asks the user several questions along the way. Questions like, “What vCenter do you want to connect to?”, “What cluster do you want to scan?”, “Do you want to remove all existing NTP servers? [Y] / [N]”, and so on. There’s also validation included on the responses to the Y/N questions. And at the very end of the script, it checks the NTP services on each host in the cluster. If the NTP service is already running, it will restart the service. If it’s not running, it will start the service. All automatically.
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Add/Remove NTP Servers in a VMware Cluster”
Hello again, everyone! Recently, I’ve been working on a script that will create new VM Port Groups on a virtual standard switch (vSS) in a given cluster. While this could probably be alleviated by using a virtual distributed switch (vDS), let’s assume that you have a need to stick with vSS for whatever reason (licensing, company standards, etc.).
In this script, it validates that the VLAN number is in fact a whole number within the range of 1 through 4905. At the end of the script, it asks if you’d like to add another port group to the same cluster or not. I found this to be very handy if you’re standing up a new cluster that only contained vSS, or simply adding more port groups to an existing cluster.
Continue reading “PowerCLI: Create New VM Port Groups in a Cluster”
In this blog post, we’ll take a look at how to setup and install a brand-new virtual machine using VMware Fusion. For this post, I’ll be installing a fresh copy of Microsoft Windows to use as an example, but these same steps should apply to just about any operating system. Let’s get started!
Continue reading “Building a New Virtual Machine in VMware Fusion”